Nanocarbides – Enhancing technological properties of tool steels by cryogenic treatment

Initial Position:

  • Cryogenic treatment – adjunctive treatment in hardening and tempering process to improve wear resistance and toughness of tool steels.
  • Large amount of individual studies with different results leads to a controversial discussion during the last years.
  • The actual metallurgical mechanisms in steels are not fully understood, and some existing hypotheses need to be verified.
  • Therefore, the potential of these technologies for tool users has not been exploited sufficiently.


  • Determination of the optimal the cryogenic treatment including heat treatment process parameters for the selected steels.
  • Contribution to the understanding of the processes involved in cryogenic treatment and their effects on the properties of the treaded materials.


  • Introduction of the cryogenic treatment to the operational application for tool users.


Nanocarbides II – Influence of deep cryogenic treatment on distortion, corrosion and fracture toughness

Initial Position / Aims: In a previous project, high-alloy steels from the hot work, cold work and plastic moulding sectors […]

Rolloilfree – Steel cold rolling with aqueous oilfree lubricants

Situation: Oil-based lubricants are state-of-the-art in cold rolling of steel and hot rolling of aluminium. 2-phase character of emulsions and […]


H2-Ziegel – Energy efficiency and lowering of emissions – usage of hydrogen in brick industry

Background The German government aims to reduce the GHG emissions in Germany by at least 55% by 2030 and to […]