Hydrogen for a low CO2 steel production

Hydrogen for a low CO2 steel production

As the steel industry is responsible for around 6 % of the global anthropogenic CO2 emissions, it has a high potential for mitigating climate change. Hydrogen plays a decisive role for the transformation to a climate neutral steel making. As an alternative reducing agent, hydrogen can partially replace the use of carbon and thereby reduce the CO2 emissions.

In order to establish hydrogen, we are working on its supply:

  • CO2-free hydrogen production by methane pyrolysis and
  • Separation from H2-rich gases by membrane process,

as well as on the technologies to use hydrogen in the steel industry:

  • Partial replacement of injected coal by hydrogen at the blast furnace
  • Direct reduction with H2-rich gases up to pure hydrogen.

The following figure shows the research topics of the BFI regarding hydrogen for a low CO2 steel production.

Research activities of the BFI for hydrogen technologies in the steel industry

Figure 1: Research activities of the BFI for hydrogen technologies in the steel industry.

 

In scope of the following running or planned projects we are working on the implementation of hydrogen in the steel industry:

  • H2BF: CO2-Mitigation through injection of H2 into the blast furnace
  • Reallabor H2Stahl: Hydrogen technologies for a stepwise decarbonisation of the steel industry (H2 blast furnace and direct reduction with H2)
  • Me2H2: Methane pyrolysis for the production of hydrogen and solid carbon
  • SCI4climate.NRW: Scientific competence centre for a climate neutral and competitive basic industry in NRW
  • LowCarbonFuture: Exploitation of projects for low-carbon future steel industry
  • GreenSteel: Green Steel for Europe

 

Our engagement in initiative and working groups:

  • NRW: Initiative from politics, science and industry for a climate-neutral industry in NRW (participation in the hydrogen working group, publication of the discussion paper hydrogen)
  • Participation in the focus group “Low Carbon & Energy Efficiency” of the European Steel Platform (ESTEP)
  • Participation in A.SPIRE, a European association, which works for the management and implementation of the SPIRE Public Private Partnership

Recommendation

Concepts for reducing friction and wear

Your goals: Optimization of components with regard to wear resistance Selection and evaluation of optimal materials and coatings Optimization of […]

IntModCon – Integrated process models for liquid steel production

Initial situation: The development of a melt in temperature and chemical analysis during liquid steel production can generally be observed […]

1 MW pilot plant

Your goals: Examination of burners, components and devices under operating conditions in trial operation with process and metallurgical gases from […]

CFD- and FEM-Simulation

Your Goals: Improvement of plant efficiency and component optimization by simulation of technical flows in furnace components (burners, fans etc…) […]